A “curious” plume-shaped cloud that appeared near Mars’s equator is growing and now casts a long trail from an alien volcano, Oct. 10 photographs from the European Space Agency (ESA) show.
ESA's #Mars Express has been observing the evolution of an elongated cloud hovering near Arsia Mons volcano. The clouds spotted on images from @esamarswebcam show water-ice cloud driven by the slope's influence on the air flow
Read more: https://t.co/QQ0hnbTbTC pic.twitter.com/SreuAalAun
— ESA (@esa) October 25, 2018
While the cloud, which could be “visible even to telescopes on Earth,” is hanging over the volcano, it is not being ejected from it despite its proximity, according to a Thursday ESA press release.
“In spite of its location, this atmospheric feature is not linked to volcanic activity but is rather a water ice cloud driven by the influence of the volcano’s leeward slope on the air flow — something that scientists call an orographic or lee cloud — and a regular phenomenon in this region,” the ESA’s statement said.
Mars’s cold, thin atmosphere is seasonally obscured by ice clouds, but scientists believe the summer’s major dust storm might have spurred on the creation of this cloud.
Abnormal levels of dust in the atmosphere and Arsia Mons’s gigantic, 12-mile high profile worked together to form the abnormal whisp, scientists say.
The formation of water-ice clouds is sensitive to the amount of dust in the atmosphere (remember the #Marsstorm in June/July?) ☁️ The cloud was also observed with OMEGA (left) & High Resolution Stereo Camera (right) on #Mars Express, providing extra #data to study the phenomenon pic.twitter.com/OSGHfEKSw0
— ESA Science (@esascience) October 25, 2018
The massive dust storm knocked NASA’s Opportunity rover offline when it blotted out the sun and prevented the 15-year-old rover’s solar panels from recharging it, according to a NASA blog post. Scientists hoped once the storm cleared, skies would “clear enough for the solar-powered rover to recharge and attempt to ‘phone home.’”